The Chainlink

Critical Mass Pedals Awareness, but Bikers Need to Pump the Brakes, Critics Say

From Medill Reports with several Chainlinkers quoted.
Critical Mass Map

John Greenfield /

Critical Mass route proposals, like this one, are voted on by participants the day of the event, and can often change mid-ride.

Critical Mass pedals awareness, but bikers need to pump the brakes, critics say

JAN 26, 2012

Critical Mass Corking

"Corking" is a technique used to block drivers from driving through the cyclists. It's intended as a safety precaution, but it's illegal.

Is it possible that a monthly cycling event, by way of its success, has become a hypocritical mass? 

Hundreds of bicyclists will swarm downtown streets during peak rush hour Friday, all in the name of pedal-pusher awareness. But some experts say this traffic-snarling “party parade on wheels” does more to hurt its cause the bigger it gets. 

“Illinois requires cars and bikes to share the road. Motorists often don’t get that,” said Brendan H. Kevenides, a Chicago attorney who focuses on bike-related accidents. “But Critical Mass is not sharing either. It is bikes taking over the streets in a sort of ‘in your face’ way.” 

Critical Mass, in Chicago and worldwide, is intended to be a demonstration, a visual representation of how many bikers actually exist in any one place, tangible proof that bikes are traffic, too. 

Though there is no formal hierarchy, no appointed leaders or official organizers, safety in numbers seems to be the favored vehicle of change for month after month of Critical Mass rides. 

“It was definitely one of my first introductions to biking in the city and with a group of people where I felt safe,” said Julie Hochstadter, owner and director of, an online community for regional cyclists. “If anything, it is showing cars that there are a lot of cyclists in the city.” 

Critical Mass pedals safer bike conditions by becoming a force of traffic itself, comprising a range of participants month to month, from as few as 100 in the cold winter months to well into the thousands when the weather warms. 

Steven Lane has been involved with the ride as a participant and volunteer for the past 12 years. The September ride of 2007 – the event’s 10th anniversary in Chicago – saw more than 5,000 riders, according to Lane. This September will mark its 15th anniversary. 

No matter how many riders turn out, the atmosphere is one of spontaneity and free will. The route isn’t decided until just before the first kickstand goes up and can often change mid-ride. 

“That's the beauty of it,” Hochstadter said. “If you can convince people, anything can happen. There are no rules.” 

According to some experts, this may also be its greatest undoing. 

Illinois state law requires cyclists to adhere to the same traffic laws as cars, meaning stop signs and red lights hold the same weight whether you’re steering a Trek or a Toyota. 

Promoting such awareness is one of the main charges for the Active Transportation Alliance, a Chicago nonprofit cycling advocacy organization. But the approach Critical Mass takes isn’t one they fully support. 

“While we support the goals and spirit of Critical Mass, we can’t overlook breaking traffic laws that are designed to keep everyone on the streets safe,” said Ethan Spotts, marketing and communications director with the Active Transportation Alliance. 

It’s a contradiction that has nipped at the wheels of Critical Mass for years. How can cyclists advocating safer streets and bicycle awareness choose to compromise the very rights they’ve worked so hard to earn? 

“If they’re not obeying traffic laws, it is an issue,” said Steve Schlickman, executive director of the University of Illinois at Chicago Urban Transportation Center. “It can be counterproductive to other people’s attitudes towards bikers.” 

The riders’ defense is that keeping the mass together requires running red lights, and a fractured group is less impactful than a consolidated one. But when the group grows too large, the effect on commuting traffic is palpable. 

“Corking” refers to the technique of select riders blocking opposing traffic while the rest of the riders navigate an intersection. It’s a safety measure, but it can be confusing and annoying for motorists. It’s also illegal. 

“It is an unlawful activity and the riders who position themselves in front of vehicles place themselves in a dangerous position,” said Lt. Maureen Biggane, commanding officer of Chicago Police News Affairs. “Our officers are directed when they observe this to instruct the rider to cease this activity and continue riding.” 

Gin Kilgore, a local bicycle advocate said, “I like to compare it to a Cubs’ game or Bears’ game traffic … it’s part of the city culture. If we can deal with that, we can deal with Critical Mass.” 

Instead of simply dealing with it, is there a way that non-cyclists can get the Critical Mass message without also being inconvenienced? 

“[Cars] create rush hour every day,” Lane said. “We do this once a month.”

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i always wanted to call it 'the ride of responsibility'

James BlackHeron said:

I am totally for people spontaneously starting a Critical Manners ride on the second Friday of each month or whatever day people decide to do it.

Go ahead and plan it and make up fliers and start your own thing.  It's a free world.

Heck, there is nobody STOPPING you from going to Critical Mass and rousing the rabble to make Critical Mass into Critical Manners.  Come one and come all.  Just come.  It's a free world and Critical Mass is all-inclusive.  It's what the people who show up make it.  Show up or don't.  But you can't make it something that it is not from home.

See you there tonight. 

Your e-mails go in my spam or get unsubscribed and you are now considered a troll.

Active Transportation Alliance said:

Oh, this Friday is a rager...I didn't realize. Ragers, cagers and bandits, oh my! Happy Friday, Chainlinkers.

Ethan Spotts, Active Trans

 CCM we need to follow the traffic laws mmmk? just because we ride bikes doesn't make us special, pay attention class as I show a video of what happens when you break the law.

The police no longer have any tolerance for corking and actively push the corkers away -even threatening them with arrest and verbally berating them.  After this they ALSO immediately move along themselves and allow all the cars to dangerously push through the Mass, turning their backs without any heed to the safety of the riders still behind them.

This happened last night several times and at one spot where the Mass was really broken up and in a very dangerous place as far as no cohesion and cars darting through and everywhere.

When someone pointed out to these fine officers that they had just created a very dangerous situation for the riders a cop returned with "Well, you don't have to come out here."

Meaning if a Masser got run over it is her own fault for participating.

So, thank you Alex Weaver, and all the "pro-bike" groups who are in favor of "not overlooking traffic laws."  When someone gets seriously injured or killed one of these months at CCM "following the traffic laws" I hope you are going to be proud and or happy that these laws have been upheld.  Can't break a law.  That'd be bad...

I'm sure that the police figure that once people start getting seriously hurt at CCM that participation will drop down to a much more manageable level.  

I am sure that is exactly what they want.  Protecting & Serving the crap out of us...

Mike Zumwalt said:

Well the police actually block traffic for us, don't help with "corking" but allow it so why is someone supposedly in favor of promoting biking in the city wagging a finger at his target audience?



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